What is Anorexia Nervosa?
The eating disorder anorexia is characterized by unusually low body weight, a strong fear of gaining weight, and a skewed sense of weight. Anorexics put great emphasis on maintaining their weight and physical appearance, often by making excessive attempts that seriously disrupt their lives. People with anorexia nervosa typically severely limit their food intake to avoid gaining weight or to keep losing weight. By making themselves throw up after eating, or by diet supplements, or enemas, they can reduce their calorie intake. They might also try to lose weight by overexerting themselves. No matter how much weight one shreds, the person remains anxious about weight gain. Food isn’t really a factor in anorexia. It is a very dangerous and harmful method of transportation.
Symptoms and causes of anorexia nervosa
Starving one of the factors in anorexia nervosa is physical signs and symptoms. Along with mental and behavioral problems, anorexia also involves an erroneous assessment of body weight and a crippling dread of putting on weight or getting obese. Because what is considered a low body weight varies from person to person and some people may not appear exceedingly thin, it may be challenging to identify the signs and symptoms. Additionally, anorexics frequently about their health issues, eating patterns, and thinness.
It can impact in many ways the health of the individual:
- Biological- Although the genes that are involved are still unknown, some people may be more susceptible to developing anorexia due to genetic abnormalities. Some individuals may be genetically predisposed to perfectionism, sensitivity, and perseverance—all characteristics linked to anorexia.
- Environmental- In contemporary Western culture, thinness is valued. Being slim is frequently associated with success and value. Peer pressure, can play important role in especially among young girls, and may contribute to the desire to be skinny.
- Psychological- People with anorexia nervosa may exhibit obsessive-compulsive personality traits that make it simpler for them to maintain stringent diets and refrain from eating even when they are ravenous. They may have a strong desire for perfection and believe they are never skinny enough as a result. Additionally, they could experience high levels of worry and practice restrictive eating to lessen it.
They may be different factors that can lead to Anorexia Nervosa as include:
- Genetics- Particular people may be more susceptible to anorexia due to changes in certain genes. Anorexia is far more likely to occur in people who have a first-degree relative with the condition, such as a parent, sibling, or kid.
- Dieting and starvation- An eating disorder can arise because of dieting. Strong evidence suggests that many anorexia symptoms are truly signs of malnutrition. The brain is impacted by starvation, which results in mood swings, inflexible thinking, anxiety, and decreased appetite. In those who are more susceptible, starvation and weight loss may alter how the brain functions, which could prolong restrictive eating patterns and make it challenging to resume regular eating habits.
Therapies to treat people with anorexia nervosa:
- Cognitive behavioral therapy- In a psychotherapy setting, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) teaches patients how to recognize and alter unhelpful or distressing thought patterns that have an adverse impact on their emotions and behavior.
- Interpersonal therapy (IPT)- Managing eating disorders involves the use of IPT. IPT examines you’re eating disorder in connection to social and interpersonal interactions.
- Dialectal behavioral therapy- DBT emphasizes controlling challenging emotions. You can improve the habits linked to your eating issue with the help of DBT.
Some abilities that DBT seeks to develop include:
- interactional abilities
- Expression of emotion
- adaptability and positivity
- dealing with negative emotions
- promoting awareness
DBT has been investigated for the treatment of bulimia nervosa, anorexia nervosa, and binge eating disorder.
- Acceptance and commitment therapy- Rather than concentrating on altering your thoughts or feelings, ACT asks you to change your behavior. According to an ACT principle, behaviors linked to mental health disorders are a result of emotional reactions to unpleasant emotions like pain or anxiety. Participants are prompted to consider their basic personal values when taking the ACT. They are then instructed to create goals that will enable them to realize these values more fully. Accepting all emotions, even the unpleasant ones, and making a commitment to altering your behavior so that it more closely adheres to your basic beliefs are the goals. It is said that by doing this, you can live a better life and start feeling better. The effectiveness of ACT as a treatment for eating disorders must be further studied.
How online counselling can deal with anorexia Nervosa?
Online counselling is the best way an individual can take advantage of the Top Psychologist in India, counselors, and therapists. You can choose according to our needs and can solve your mental health problems If you are searching for the best “Psychologist near me” for managing your eating issues, visit TalktoAngel, an online counseling platform. You can connect with a top psychologist in India, online counselors and psychiatrists with many years of experience in the field of counseling and psychology.
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